The Carolina Magazine was an important part of campus life at Carolina for more than a century. First published in 1844 as a biographical and historical review, the magazine included essays from faculty and local residents. By the 1880s the magazine expanded into a general literary publication, with creative writing by students. Many prominent alumni authors published in the Carolina Magazine as students, including Thomas Wolfe, Paul Green, Walker Percy, and Joseph Mitchell. In the 1920s the magazine occasionally began publishing the work of African American authors. In May 1927 the magazine published its first "Negro Number," which contained creative works by African American authors, including Langston Hughes and Countee Cullen. This special edition was an annual tradition for a few years, and while the issues were usually preceded by condescending commentaries about African American writing, they provided an outlet for African American authors and enabled them to reach new audiences in North Carolina. By the mid-1940s interest in the Carolina Magazine began to wane. The student body was growing, and students were focusing their creative efforts on other publications, including a variety of humor publications such as Tarnation and the Carolina Buccaneer. The last issue of the magazine ran in 1948.